PROGRESSIVE TIME DELAY
The next help strategy is progressive time delay.
A progressive time delay increases
the amount of time between the natural cue
to perform a task and when you
would provide help.
The time is increased
over a number of trials. (A trial is an occasion when the
child performs the task.) A progressive time delay
begins with an instructional period that has a zero-second
delay. The natural cue to perform a task is presented and
then you immediately provide help for your child. The natural
reward follows her completion of the task. Because there is
no delay between the natural cue and the help you provide,
your child cannot respond incorrectly. This provides your
child with errorless learning opportunities. After
the instructional phase, you would introduce a delay
between the natural cue and when you provide help.
The natural cue to perform the task is presented and
then you wait before providing help. This gives your child
a chance to respond independently. If she responds correctly
before the end of the delay, you would provide or allow the
positive natural reward to follow. If your child doesn't respond
by the end of the delay, then you would help her to correctly
complete the task and follow it with the positive natural
reward. Over time, the length of the delay is increased until
your child can respond to the natural cue without help. The
delay is usually increased in segments from one to five seconds,
but if your child has severe motor or cognitive delays longer
delays might be necessary.
of Progressive Time Delay
Time to Stop and Think
Can you describe the progressive time delay
help strategy and how it was used in the examples?
Can you define progressive time delay?
If you would like to increase your understanding
of Progressive Time Delay help strategies, you can review
the following suggested activities.
If your child has an IFSP or an IEP, try to
write a plan for how you might use
the progressive time delay help strategy to help her develop
one of the skills listed on the IFSP or IEP. You might
ask your child's teacher to help you review your plan.
Think about how, over
time, a progressive time delay help strategy could be used
with the following children.
- Benito's objective: To say his
name when he sees it in print. Children in Benito's
classroom need to recognize their name to find the right
cubbies in which to keep personal belongings. Rather than
just teach Benito to associate a label with the position
of his cubby, the team decides to teach him to read his
name in print. In this way, he will also learn about reading
and learn to find other things such as his art papers
when his name is printed on them.
- Marcus' objective: Use a spoon
to eat. Marcus routinely grabs food with his hand,
even food such as applesauce.
have read about and seen examples of different ways of providing
help, you can stop here or you can learn about INCIDENTAL